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Hill, Oliver Perry

Posted by MarthaCrossSargent 
Hill, Oliver Perry
March 13, 2007 03:23PM
Kentucky: A History of the State, Battle, Perrin, & Kniffin, 4th ed.,
1887 Garrard Co.

OLIVER PERRY HILL, M. D., is a lineal descendant, in the fourth
generation of Thomas Hill, one of the early settlers at Cartwright
Creek and an emigrant from Virginia at a period when but few permanent
settlements had been established in the State. Thomas Hill immigrated
to this country from England and first settled in St. Mary's County,
Md., where about the year 1754 he married Rebecca Miles, who bore him a
family of seven children-three sons and four daughters. At the
beginning of the year 1787 he and his brother-in-law, Philip Miles,
arranged to remove their families to Kentucky, and while en route down
the Ohio River, in boats, to Louisville in March of that year, the
party were fired upon with fatal effect by hostile savages who lined
the banks. A negro slave of Thomas Hill, as well as several horses,
were killed, and he himself severely wounded in the thighs. They
reached Louisville in safety, however, and soon after went to
Bardstown, where owing to the severity of his wounds, Hill remained
some time. In the spring of 1789, he removed to Cartwright's creek,
where he purchased land and entered upon the life of a farmer. He was
very zealous in the Catholic faith, and one of the chief promoters of
the strong Catholic colony which afterward centered in that locality.
His death occurred in 1820, at the ripe age of ninety-seven years, and
his descendants are numerously represented in South and West. Among
the children of Thomas Hill was a son, William, who left the paternal
roof at an early age and located in Garrard County. He was a believer
in the Protestant religion, and a teacher by profession, a vocation
which he successfully pursued for many years in Kentucky. Upon the
breaking out of the war with England in 1812, he volunteered his
services in behalf of the Nation and served in the brigade of Gen.
Jennings. He participated in the battle on Lake Erie under Commodore
Perry, and later was taken ill with dysentery and died, his remains
being interred at Put-In-Bay. His wife was Nancy Mayfield, of Garrard
County, Ky., and his children, John; George; Isaac, who died young;
Martha, who married Archibald Woods; Mary, who married John Sullivan;
Elizabeth, who married William Young; Nancy, who became the wife of
David Gabbard, and Jane, who was married to Luda Martin. John Hill,
the eldest of this family, located in the northern part of Garrard
County, near the Kentucky River, and during his lifetime became a
successful and representative farmer. He married Malinda Pollard,
daughter of Absalom Pollard, a Revolutionary soldier and one of the
earliest settlers from Virginia to locate in Garrard County. He was
related to the well known family of that name in Virginia. But two
children were born to that union: Oliver Perry Hill and his brother
William who was an artisan by vocation, and died in Butler County, Ky.
Dr. Oliver Perry Hill was born in Garrard County, March 2, 1814, and
was named in honor of the great naval captain, under whom his
grandfather had fought on Lake Erie. His early educational advantages
were naturally limited to the common schools of his day, and he
assisted his father in working upon the farm until he had reached the
age of nearly twenty years. He then began the study of medicine under
Dr. William Pawling, of Lexington, and subsequently attended lectures
at Transylvania University, at that place, from which institution
he was graduated with the degree of M. D. in March,1838. From that time
until 1840 he practiced his profession near his birthplace in the north
end of the county, but in the latter year located at Lancaster, where
he has been in active practice since, a period of about forty-seven
years. During all that time Dr. Hill has been recognized as an
intelligent and skillful practitioner, and has been in the enjoyment of
a large and lucrative practice, performing in the meanwhile the full
duty of a useful and respected citizen. His first political vote was
cast in 1836 for the candidates of the Democratic party, Van Buren and
Johnson, and with that party he has always since acted, though never
aspiring to political position. During the late civil war he was a
consistent Union man and gave what support he could to the measures and
policy of the National Government. From 1853 to 1855 Dr. Hill traveled
extensively in the western country, crossing the plains on horseback,
and extended his observations not only as far as the Pacific Ocean, but
through Oregon and California down into Mexico and through several of
the Central American States and the West Indies. He resumed his
practice in 1855. He is of a naturally studious tendency of mind, and
being possessed of a remarkably retentive memory, has added greatly to
his store of knowledge, being able to repeat almost whole books from
memory without special effort. He is particularly fond of the study
of languages, and has mastered, without a teacher, French, German and
Spanish, possessing a large library in these languages on general
subjects. In religion he is a liberal; he believes in one God from
whom all things in the universe have emanated. He believes in a
future state of rewards and punishments. He believes in the immortality
of the soul. He believes there is more or less good in all religions,
as all are founded on Bibles claiming to be of divine origin, as all
religions and all nations seem to be equally favored by God. He
believes, if the Bible be true, that it teaches that all evil as well
as all good comes from God, for His greatest prophet so declares- see
Isaiah xlv, 7- and the Bible so declares in many places.

Hill Miles Jennings Perry Mayfield Woods Sullivan Young Gabbard
Martin Pollard Pawling Van_Buren Johnson
Butler-Ky VA MD OR CA England Mexico West_Indies

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